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How to write a good middle of your novel?

Writing the middle of a novel can be challenging, but it’s where your story’s complexity and depth often shine. Here are some tips on how to write a compelling middle for your novel:

Escalating Conflict

In the middle section of your novel, the main conflict introduced in the beginning should become more complex and challenging for your protagonist. This is the point where they face the most substantial obstacles and tests. These hurdles should be directly related to the story’s central conflict and should lead to growth and character development.

Subplots and Character Development

Subplots can add depth and richness to your story. They allow you to explore other facets of your characters’ lives and provide breaks from the central plotline. Use subplots to reveal more about your characters’ pasts, desires, and conflicts. Ensure that they tie into the main plot in some way, contributing to the overarching narrative.


While the middle is generally slower-paced than the beginning or end, it should never feel stagnant. Continue to maintain a sense of momentum by incorporating rising action and minor climaxes. Keep your readers engaged with a mix of tension, character development, and plot progression.

Character Arcs

Character development is a significant part of the middle. Your characters should evolve or change in response to the challenges and experiences they face. This evolution should align with their internal conflicts and personal growth. By the end of the middle, characters should be different from how they were at the start.

Twists and Revelations

To keep readers engaged and invested, introduce plot twists, revelations, or unexpected developments. These moments can reshape the direction of the story, making it more exciting and unpredictable. Foreshadowing can be a useful tool in preparing your readers for these surprises.

Stakes and Tension

Heighten the stakes in the middle. Make it clear what your characters have to gain or lose. When readers understand the potential consequences, it increases the tension and emotional involvement. The middle is an ideal place to make these stakes explicit.


Every good story is rife with complications. The middle is the perfect time to introduce new problems and obstacles that challenge your characters. These complications should be related to the central conflict and should prevent the characters from achieving their goals too easily.


Building anticipation is a crafty storytelling technique. In the middle, you can plant hints and foreshadow future events. These subtle clues can keep readers curious about what’s to come and make the story more engaging.

Themes and Symbolism

Use the middle to delve deeper into your story’s themes and consider how they manifest in various aspects of the narrative. Symbolism can add layers of meaning to your story, making it more thought-provoking and compelling.


Smooth transitions between scenes and chapters are essential for maintaining a good reading flow. Effective transitions prevent readers from feeling lost or disoriented when moving between different parts of your story.

Character Conflicts

The middle should be rife with both internal and external character conflicts. These struggles are the driving forces behind character development and contribute significantly to the overall plot.

Setbacks and Progress

The middle is where characters should experience a mix of setbacks and progress. Not every event should lead to success, but there should be a sense of forward movement, a trajectory toward the climax.

Character Motivations

Ensure that your characters’ actions and decisions are rooted in their goals, desires, and beliefs. The middle is the ideal place to delve into their motivations, providing clarity for readers about why characters make the choices they do.

Setting and Atmosphere

Use the middle to enrich your world-building. Dive into vivid descriptions of settings, creating atmospheres that enhance the story’s mood and tone. These settings should also tie into the plot or character development.


Revealing relevant backstory is best done in small, calculated doses. The middle is a suitable place for unveiling key elements of your characters’ pasts. These revelations should be strategically placed to deepen readers’ understanding of the characters.

Technology and Magic

If your story involves technology or magic systems, use the middle to define their rules and limitations. Clarify how these elements affect daily life and the challenges characters face. Magic and technology should feel like integral parts of your world.

Maps and Geography

If geography plays a significant role in your story, the middle is an excellent time to introduce maps. These visuals help readers better understand the spatial relationships, distances, and locations of key events. Maps also contribute to a more immersive reading experience.

Name Origins

The middle is a good time to provide insights into the origins and meanings of names for places, characters, and things in your world. This adds authenticity to your world and can provide valuable context.


Always consider the consequences of unique features or changes in your world. If you’ve introduced a particular magic system, explore how it impacts society. When a critical resource runs out, think about the resulting challenges. Consistency in adhering to your established rules and logic is crucial for reader engagement and realism.

Remember that the middle of a novel is an opportunity to engage your readers with rich character development, plot progression, and world-building. It’s where you can deepen your story’s complexity and craft a narrative that keeps your audience eagerly turning the pages. The balance of pacing, conflict, and character arcs is crucial in ensuring your middle is both engaging and satisfying.

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Published inWriting tips


  1. I totally agree that writing the middle portion of the novel requires good storytelling ability. These are valuable points to be aware of if anybody wants to be a novelist. Thanks for reminding my college days (I studied English literature.)

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